Monday, 26 May 2014
From ecdc
​Migrant health is receiving increasing attention in Europe and is a priority for ECDC. This report presents the main findings of an ECDC project to assess the burden of infectious diseases among migrants in the EU/EEA based on available data for specific diseases: human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), tuberculosis (TB), hepatitis B, hepatitis C, gonorrhoea, syphilis, measles and rubella, malaria and Chagas disease.

Drawing overall conclusions about infectious diseases and migrants in the EU/EEA is challenging, as patterns and trends vary considerably, depending on the disease in question. This is confounded by the diversity of migrants, varying definitions of migrants and the changing patterns of migration both to and within Europe. 

Some of the conclusions which became evident from an analysis of the data are that migrant populations in the EU/EEA are disproportionately affected by HIV and TB but not by gonorrhoea or syphilis; that hepatitis B, particularly chronic hepatitis infection, is an issue in migrant populations although definitive conclusions cannot be drawn about the burden of hepatitis C as data on acute and chronic infections are limited; that the lack of information on ‘country of birth’ for measles and rubella cases in TESSy makes it impossible to draw conclusions on the occurrence of measles or rubella among migrants; that some sub-groups of migrants, particularly those visiting malaria-endemic countries of origin, are at high risk of acquiring malaria and that Chagas disease has occurred in Europe as a result of migration from endemic countries in Latin America.


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